Bei Dao, whose original name is Zhao Zhenkai, was born in Beijing in 1949. In 1978, he founded the literary magazine Jintian (lit.: Today) with friends in Beijing. Since 1987, he has been teaching in many universities in Europe, America, and Hong Kong. His work has been translated into 30 languages. He is the Honorary Doctorate at Brown University, Honorary Professor of the Faculty of Art at The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Bei Dao was awarded the PEN/Barbara Goldsmith Freedom to Write Award, the Swedish PEN Literature Prize, the American Guggenheim Prize, and the highest honor of Golden Wreath Prize of the Macedonian Struga International Poetry Festival. He is an Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 2009, Bei Dao founded the International Poetry Nights in Hong Kong, currently the most influential international poetry festival in Asia. He founded the Hong Kong Poetry Festival Foundation in 2018.